Companies are increasingly using software that can help them streamline their work processes, organize data, and boost productivity.
The software allows daily task management, such as sending emails and reports creation, building spreadsheets, presenting slideshows, and successful team management.
Today, millions of users interact with software on a daily basis. However, some may be still questioning, “What is software?”
To answer this question, we have created this guide where we will look into what software is, different types of software, the best software development tools, and more helpful information.
Let's start with the software definition.
Software is a set of instructions, technically referred to as data, programs, procedures, routines, and instructions that tell the computer or electronic device to perform specific tasks and operations.
There are a variety of software for different tasks. With that said, let’s explore different types of software.
Software is divided into two main categories: System Software and Application Software.
This type of software is designed to run a computer’s hardware and application programs while managing their interaction with each other. To put it simply, it is a type of software that runs in the background to maintain basic internal functionalities, control hardware devices, and facilitate operations between computer and user.
This type of software allows users to perform specific tasks. They are generally developed according to the requirements of the users and help them accomplish various tasks such as designing graphics, drafting documents, watching videos, performing research, gaming, managing finances, and more.
Here are five examples of system software:
One of the most important types of system software is the operating system. Whenever a computer system gets ON, it is the first software that runs into the computer’s memory. It is responsible for managing various software and hardware on the computer.
Some of the common examples of the operating system include
Utility software supports the computer infrastructure, manages the computer’s memory, disks, etc., and helps the operating system to perform basic tasks.
A few examples of utility programs include
A device driver is a software designed for controlling devices and helping them perform its functions. It is mainly a part of the operating system that tells the system how to interact with hardware devices.
Some devices that require drivers to operate are
This is a type of system software that addresses low-level control for hardware devices of the computer by telling them how to perform. One of the common examples of firmware is the Basic Input/Output System (BIOS).
Moreover, firmware is a part of various hardware devices, such as
This system software is useful for translating code from one programming language to another. Programming language translator helps high-level language to machine code or low-level language that computers can understand to perform tasks.
▶️ File Management And Process Scheduling
▶️ Processor And Memory Management
▶️ Error Detection
▶️ Control And Management
▶️ Input And Output Resource Management
▶️ Disks And File Management
▶️ Allocation Of Resources
▶️ Monitoring Activities
✔️ High Speed
✔️ Hard To Manipulate
✔️ Written In Low-Level Language
✔️ Close To The System
✔️ Small In Size
Here are the top benefits of system software:
Information can be accessed and recovered quickly with greater accuracy, which improves business productivity.
Computer resources and hardware such as CPU, input/output devices, memory, and peripheral devices can be effectively managed using system software.
Many system software, like device drivers, enable hardware devices to communicate with the computer's operating system, which results in maximum system performance and stability.
System software includes many security and protection features like antivirus software and encryption to protect the system from unauthorized access, viruses, and malware.
Many tools like disk defragmenters and system backup utilities are included in system software to help the system operate smoothly.
System software is easily compatible with application software, ensuring every application can operate on different hardware and software configurations.
System software allows access to multiple users to use the system at a time while also allowing multitasking to enable users to operate multiple applications simultaneously.
Here are the most common types of application software:
Productivity software is mainly a type of software designed to help users efficiently perform various tasks, including creating presentations, writing documents, email management, and more.
Some of the common productivity software are
Graphic design software is generally used by graphic designers to create or edit visual graphics, layouts, illustrations, and logos. The software offers various features such as photo resizing, sharpness adjustment, layers addition to images, text addition, and more.
Here are a few examples of graphic design software:
Web browsers is a software that allows users to access the internet and web pages to search for information or find data online. Many browsers also offer convenience features such as access to browsing history, set bookmarks, install extensions, and browser customization.
Moreover, users can use web browsers to perform various tasks, including information search, image download, video streaming, file reading, and more.
Here are some of the most popular web browsers:
Multimedia software includes various types of software, including photo editing software, graphic software, media player, video editing software, and more.
Mainly, an application that allows users to create or edit multimedia like images, audio, and video or play and record audio and videos comes in multimedia software.
Below are the common types of multimedia software:
Such software allows users to manage internal documents like forms, content creation files, and more. This type of software help business with content management, workflow management, and record management.
Many law firms utilize similar kinds of software, for example, legal document management software, which allows them to manage legal, sensitive, and confidential information.
Popular document management software includes:
Word processing software is designed to create text-based documents for creating memos, faxes, letters, reports, manuals, books, newsletters, personalized content, and more.
Such application software offers various features such as word art, thesauruses, customization, text formatting, editing, deleting, tools for creating tables, headers, footers, and more to create an appealing document.
Common examples of word-processing software are
Database software is used to create and manage a database, an organized set of information/data. This application software allows users to create, delete, edit, extract, structure, and organize data like email IDs, phone numbers, catalogs, etc. from the database.
Common features of database application software include sorting, filtering, analyzing, and defining criteria for the data.
Below is the list of top database software:
Spreadsheet software is useful for organizing, storing, and analyzing numerical data in tabular form, i.e., in rows and columns. The software can be also used to perform many mathematical calculations using pre-set formulas.
In addition, the software offers many specialized tools to create visual tables, 3D graphs, charts, and much more.
Spreadsheet software application examples are
This application software is used to create visual documentation in the form of presentation slides. Presentation software allows users to present their ideas or projects using graphics, photos, videos, and text in the presentation slides to grab more attention and engagement of the audience.
Presentation application software gives users the ability to insert multimedia, format text, and other features like charts and graphs to make presentations more attractive.
Common presentation software application examples are
Educational software is used by students, teaching institutes, professors, educational organizations, etc., for educational purposes. The software allows student data management and arrangement, integrates educational video content, offers specific subject knowledge, and more.
Some examples of education software include
Some of the other types of application software and their examples are:
Examples of communication application software
Examples of enterprise application software
Examples of utility application software
Examples of simulation application software
Examples of music application software
▶️ Data Analysis And Information Management
▶️ File Organization
▶️ Document Management
▶️ Graphics, Animations, And Video Development
▶️ Accounting, Payroll, And Finance Management.
▶️ Project Management
▶️ Healthcare Software Management
▶️ Business Project Management
▶️ Resource (ERP And CRM System) And HR Management
▶️ Emails, Text Messaging, Audio And Video Conferencing
✔️ User-Friendly Interface
✔️ Huge Storage Space
✔️ Offers Productivity Tools
✔️ Allow Customization
✔️ Perform Specialized Tasks
✔️ Easy Integration
Here are the top benefits of application software:
Companies can build custom application software to offer customer services that meet every individual's requirements. In addition to this, application software can be integrated with CRM, which allows businesses to get customer information and queries for instant solutions.
Easy compatibility and integration ability of application software help reduce the time to perform complex tasks and streamline the process of creating reports by taking data from different sources.
Application software helps minimize time consumption in performing repetitive tasks and generate quick and efficient results at the same time.
Application software provides users complete control over third-party integrations and keeps them updated on the latest and upcoming maintenance requirements.
What type of software is right for you?
Check the differences to find out!
System Software Vs Application Software
Designed for managing resources of computer system
Designed to perform various tasks to fulfill users needs
Written in a low-level language
Written in a high-level language
Less user interactive
High user interactive
Starts running when the computer is ON
User operates the ON/OFF
Runs in the background
Runs in the foreground
Installed by the manufacturer
Installed by the user as per the requirement
Computer cannot run without system software
Computer can operate without application software
Not depended on application software
Depended on system software
Software development is a process of creating, designing, deploying, testing, and maintaining different software applications.
The software development process consists of various steps such as business requirements analysis, research, planning, designing a data and process flow, testing, development, debugging, and deployment.
So that’s all for now!
In this blog, we have seen so many types of software available to suit a variety of needs. We hope this comprehensive guide has helped you understand what is software and its diverse types.
The software development industry is growing at a rapid pace, bringing new software to make life and business processes easier.
If you are looking for a trusted software development company to build your software solution, you are at the right place.
Polyxer Systems is a globally recognized software development company headquartered in Ahmedabad, India. We have years of experience and expertise in helping numerous businesses with the right software solutions for their business needs.
Get in touch with us to discuss your project today.